Tag: events

Bread for the City plans to open a new, larger facility in Anacostia

POVERTY/NONPROFITS | Citing an increased need for food, medical care and social services, Bread for the City is preparing to expand its operation in DC. Set to open in 2020, the new Anacostia location will serve at least 2,000 additional people monthly. (WaPo, 1/6)

George Jones, the organization’s chief executive, said the need is, in part, fueled by gentrification that has intensified the gap between wealthy and poor residents. A recent report by the D.C. Chamber of Commerce highlighted the chasm. Since 2009, it says, the city has lost more than 4,000 families with yearly incomes below $35,000, while gaining more than 10,000 families with incomes above $200,000 over the same span.

PHILANTHROPY | In her first column of 2019, WRAG’s president Tamara Lucas Copeland shares her thoughts on three important trends in philanthropy that she believes will impact the region this year. (Daily, 1/7)

HOUSING/HOMELESSNESS | Check out the Miriam’s Kitchen “Change Agent of the Month” interview with Katy Moore, Managing Director, Corporate Strategy at WRAG and Founder and Director of the Institute of Corporate Social Responsibility. She is also a member of the Leadership Council at Miriam’s Kitchen. (What’s the Dish Corporate Social Impact eNewsletter, 12/18)

CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM | The city of Alexandria joins the national trend of limiting the use of cash bail in misdemeanor, low-risk, nonviolent cases. (WaPo, 1/6)

EDUCATION | D.C. Council prepares for rigorous confirmation hearing on pick for schools chancellor (WaPo, 1/6)

FOOD | New Ward 8 Grocery Store Breaks Ground — And Barriers — To Fresh Food. (WAMU, 1/13)

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY | Interesting piece by Tim McClimon, head faculty member of the Institute for CSR, highlighting Five CSR Trends to Watch in 2019. (Forbes, 1/19)

GRANTS | The Jack & Jill of America Foundation is recruiting grant reviewers experienced in the areas of education, health/wellness, and strengthening black families. Details here.

It’s great to be back as Editor of the (Almost) Daily WRAG on a modified schedule for the next few months! This week we will publish on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday.

I’m looking forward to sharing important news, helpful resources, and interesting pieces, including this list of New Years resolutions for movie lovers.

– Buffy

DC mayor renews affordable housing fight

HOUSING | Mayor Muriel Bowser gave her annual State of the District Address yesterday evening. She touched on various issues including the number of missing Black and Latinx teens, the unemployment rate East of the River and the city’s affordable housing crisis. For affordable housing, the mayor listed new methods of increasing and protecting it in the city. (WaPo, 3/30)

Bowser said she will ask the council to create a $10 million account to preserve low-income housing, bringing the total funding allocation for the trust fund to $110 million.

The mayor said she would also implement a dormant law that gives the city the right to purchase units to keep them affordable when an owner is seeking to redevelop a property into ­market-rate units.

Bowser noted that the city is cracking down on Sanford Capital, a private landlord of low-income housing with a history of housing code violations documented by both The Washington Post and Washington City Paper earlier this year.

CIVIL LEGAL | Mary E. Clymont, president and CEO of the Public Welfare Foundation, discusses the barriers many Americans face in civil courts when they cannot afford legal assistance and how the Justice for All Project can help. (Governing, 3/30)

– A District school teacher wonders if she’s had any impact on her students as she prepares to leave the school system this year. (GGW, 3/30)

Pepco sponsored a DC elementary school robotics team’s trip to compete in a national robotics competition. (NBC4, 3/29)

ECONOMY | The Montgomery County Economic Development Corp. describes how it will change the County for the better. (WBJ, 3/31 – Subscription needed)

TRANSIT | Some adult learners in the District have trouble getting to classes due to the cost of public transportation. The DC Fiscal Policy Institute lays out how the city can address this issue. (DCFPI, 3/30)

EVENT FOR FUNDERS | The DC Commission on the Arts and Humanities is hosting a roundtable conversation on DC’s Cultural Plan with grantmakers on April 7 from 1:00 – 3:00 at 200 I (Eye) Street SE. The Plan is intended to strengthen arts, humanities, culture and heritage in the city by increasing cultural participation, supporting artists and talent development, stimulating cultural production, and informing decision-making. RSVP to Michael Bigley here.

– Hill-Snowdon Foundation, in partnership with the General Service Foundation, has launched the Defending the Dream Fund, which will support community organizing & power building and other work. More information here

CareFirst is now accepting online applications in support of health related programs in the region. For consideration, applications must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. on June 30, 2017. Learn more

Social Sector Job Openings 

Director of Data Services | GuideStar USA, Inc.
Community Affairs Contractor – Engagement, Capital One Cafés | Capital One
Executive Director | International Association for Volunteer Effort
Executive Director | Catalogue for Philanthropy
Donor Services Associate, District of Columbia | The Community Foundation for the National Capital Region
Associate Director, Policy & Communications | Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers 
Administrative Associate
| Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers 
Manager, Operations & Programming
| Walker’s Legacy Foundation
Senior Associate, Engagement – Mid-Atlantic and Retail and Direct Bank markets
| Capital One

Hiring? Post your job on WRAG’s job board and get it included in the Daily! Free for members; $60/60 days for non-members. Details here.

Community Calendar
To add an event to WRAG’s community calendar, email Rebekah Seder. Click here to view the community calendar.

A handy map for when you have to “go” while riding Metro.

– Kendra

Some seniors in the District are losing Medicaid

AGING | Due to an income limit rule being enforced recently, a little over 100 DC seniors will be rolled off the Medicaid program. For these seniors who were utilizing the District’s Medicaid program for their health care needs, including home care workers, this change is alarming. (WCP, 3/30)

For those caught in this rule change, options are limited. They can pay for home care out of pocket, which can cost hundreds of dollars per day, a financial impossibility for someone as close to the income cut-off… They can try to prove they are “medically needy,” a complex income-based classification that is hard to qualify for, offers temporary coverage, and expects beneficiaries to live on less than $650 each month.

For those in the vast economic middle—seniors who are neither poor enough for Medicaid nor anywhere close to wealthy enough to afford home care—the remaining option is a nursing facility.

NONPROFITS/EVENT | Anna Christ, director of corporate and foundation relations at So Others Might Eat, discusses her experience at WRAG’s Fundamentals of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Two-Day Workshop in 2016 and shares how it helped shape their strategy for corporate engagement. (Daily, 3/23)

Related: Learn how to strengthen relationships with existing corporate funders and attract the attention of future corporate partners at WRAG’s Fundamentals of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Two-Day Workshop. Register here (Early bird registration ends 3/31!)

HEALTHTruth Initiative launched a new truth campaign called #StopProfiling to shine a light on how the tobacco industry deliberately singles out communities that already face adversity and inequality with aggressive marketing tactics that equal profiling. (Truth Initiative, 2/12)

– This college program is preparing prison inmates for a life outside of prison. (NPR, 3/27)

– A new brief explores the promising strategies that are being implemented across the country to ensure that judicial fines and fees do not contribute to burdensome debt for low-income communities and people of color. (PolicyLink, 3/28)

REGION | The 2030 Group, along with other local leaders, will kick off its fundraising drive today for a marketing campaign to re-brand the region to improve its reputation. The initiative is part of the Roadmap for the Washington Region’s Economic Future. (WaPo, 3/29) WRAG is pleased to be a part of this coalition.

NONPROFITS/RFP | The Inter-American Development Bank is looking for the 10 most inspiring and creative initiatives that primarily address the needs of the Latin American and/or Caribbean communities located in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. Apply here by April 27th

ENVIRONMENTMd. commission rules WSSC water rates discriminate against larger households (WaPo, 3/29)

Horror fans: “IT” is back!

– Kendra

HIV prevention drug awareness in DC focuses on black women

HIV/AIDS | Addressing the HIV rate in the District, which is the nation’s highest, has long been a priority for the city. Now the city has partnered with local organizations to raise awareness and increase access to a new prevention drug for the community that are the second-highest demographic at risk for HIV: black women. But with this new awareness, they are still dealing with the barriers related to accessing the drug. (StreetSense, 3/22)

Low-income Black women or those who are homeless face systemic barriers to accessing PrEP when they are HIV-negative. If they are HIV-positive, they face significant stigma surrounding HIV in society and even within the medical community.

Since PrEP requires a prescription and follow-up appointments every three months, people with unstable housing face additional challenges in trying to obtain PrEP. Simply lacking a place to store the medication is a problem.

Dr. Monica Vohra, a primary care physician at Bread for the City, noted that transportation is a large problem for adherence to PrEP by patients experiencing homelessness. “How do you get to your provider to have these follow-up visits that are pretty much required for you to be able to take the medication?” Vohra asked. “PrEP is useful if it’s taken correctly. Its efficacy really reduces if it’s not taken on a consistent basis.”

Related: The Washington AIDS Partnership launched its PrEP for Women Initiative last year to increase knowledge and use of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among women of color in the District. Channing Wickham, executive director of Washington AIDS Partnership said this about the program,”We are proud to be managing one of the largest programs helping women of color.”

NONPROFITS/EVENT | Dr. Donney John, executive director of NOVA Scripts Central, reflects on his experience at WRAG’s Fundamentals of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Two-Day Workshop in 2016 and shares why the workshop was valuable for his work with his clinic. (Daily, 3/23)

Related: Learn how to strengthen relationships with existing corporate funders and attract the attention of future corporate partners at WRAG’s Fundamentals of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Two-Day Workshop. Register here

PHILANTHROPY | This week foundation leaders met with members of Congress during Foundations on the Hill, an annual event sponsored by the Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers, the Alliance for Charitable Reform, and the Council on Foundations. The topics discussed included the Johnson Amendment and recent proposed budget cuts. (Chronicle, 3/22 – Subscription needed)

LGBTQ/AGINGAdvocates fear erasure of LGBTQ seniors from national elder survey (MetroWeekly, 3/20)

REGION | Both Loudoun County and DC saw the most population growth in our region. (WTOP, 3/23)

GENDER EQUITY | Women in the District and Maryland most likely will have equal pay by 2065, but nationally, women of color might have to wait about 200 more years according to new research by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. (Citylab, 3/22)

MENTAL HEALTH | NPR explores how a ‘scarcity mindset‘ can make problems worse and how to deal with it. (WAMU, 3/23)

Related: Last year’s Brightest Minds speaker Eldar Shafir, Professor of Psychology and Public Affairs at Princeton University, discussed how scarcity impacted individuals living in poverty. Read about the session here.

Would you have guessed the right letter?

– Kendra

New administration’s budget proposal cuts social programs

POVERTY | The new administration’s proposed budget was released yesterday. It included dramatic cuts to social programs and increased funding to the military. Many of the programs cut were designed to help low-income communities and communities of color, but administration officials believe the programs are wasteful and ineffective. (NPR, 3/17)

The president wants to eliminate legal services for the poor, as well as money to help low-income families pay their heating bills. The budget also would get rid of the $3 billion Community Development Block Grant program, which cities use to fix up distressed neighborhoods. The budget also targets Community Services Block Grant funding, which supports local anti-poverty programs, such as Meals on Wheels for homebound seniors.

EVENTSMetropolitan Washington Council on GovernmentsCareFirstKaiser Permanente and others are co-hosting a Regional Opioid Summit on May 9th. The Summit will bring public health professionals, health and behavioral care providers, law enforcement officials, and others together to discuss the opioid epidemic in our region. Read why they believe cross-jurisdictional collaboration is key to addressing the region’s opioid epidemic. (MWCOG, 3/15)

– DC, Maryland and Virginia are beneficiaries of more than 5,000 active National Institute of Health grants totaling $4.7 billion. These grants may be at stake in the new budget plan that calls to cut almost 20% of NIH’s funding. (WBJ, 3/17)

– The Fight to Close the Racial Health Gap Just Got Harder (Citylab, 3/16)

HOUSING | The first ever audit of DC’s Housing Production Trust Fund was released yesterday. (WCP, 3/16)

PUBLIC SAFETY | The Prince George’s County police department is working with the University of Maryland to educate its police officers on implicit bias. (WAMU, 3/15)

ENVIRONMENTEnvironmentalists Gear Up To Fight Proposed Budget Cuts (WAMU, 3/16)

Social Sector Job Openings 

Executive Director – DC Metro | Higher Achievement
Executive Director | International Association for Volunteer Effort
Executive Director | Catalogue for Philanthropy
Part-time Accountant | Washington Regional Association of Grantmakers
Donor Services Associate, District of Columbia | The Community Foundation for the National Capital Region
Associate Director, Policy & Communications | Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers 
Administrative Associate
| Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers 
Manager, Operations & Programming
| Walker’s Legacy Foundation
Senior Associate, Engagement – Mid-Atlantic and Retail and Direct Bank markets
| Capital One
Executive Director
| Philanthropy Network Greater Philadelphia

Hiring? Post your job on WRAG’s job board and get it included in the Daily! Free for members; $60/60 days for non-members. Details here.

Community Calendar

To add an event to WRAG’s community calendar, email Rebekah Seder. Click the image below to access the calendar.

I wouldn’t mind having these metal trees in my home.

– Kendra

Creating change through arts, culture, and equity

ARTS & HUMANITIES | A new report by PolicyLink, Creating Change through Arts, Culture, and Equitable Development: A Policy and Practice Primer, explores how the power of arts and culture can be leveraged to advance equity. The report describes the role of arts and culture across many sectors, including transportation, housing, economic development, health, and food. (PolicyLink, 3/14)

Arts and culture are essential for building community, supporting development, nurturing health and well-being, and contributing to economic opportunity. Collectively, arts and culture enable understanding of the past and envisioning of a shared, more equitable future. In disinvested communities, arts and culture act as tools for community development, shaping infrastructure, transportation, access to healthy food, and other core amenities. In communities of color and low-income communities, arts and culture contribute to strengthening cultural identity, healing trauma, and fostering shared vision for community.

EVENT: Join us on March 29th at Busboys & Poets for our next Brightest Minds program. Roberta Uno, director of ArtChangeUS: Arts in a Changing America, will discuss the need for putting the arts and artists at the forefront of social change. Register now. This event is open to the public.

– Trump wants to cut the NEA and NEH. This is the worst-case scenario for arts groups (WaPo, 3/16)

– A new report examines the importance of the Torpedo Factory Art Center on the City of Alexandria’s economy. The report found that it is the most cited major attraction of visitors to Old Town and visitors attracted to Old Town by the Torpedo Factory spend on average $92.88 during their visit including purchases at the Art Center.

– The new administration’s budget proposal could have a powerful impact on the District’s economy due to funding cuts for government agencies. (WaPo, 3/14)

– Nonprofit hospitals were required to focus more on community needs and the social determinants of health under the Affordable Care Act. This focus could change with the new healthcare act. (WaPo, 3/14)

– A Nonprofit Is Planning D.C.’s First LGBTQ Senior Living Facility (WCP, 3/16)

FOOD | Residents are unhappy with inadequate and unequal services at Ward 7 grocery stores. (East of the River News, 3/14)

Discover the new world of internet

– Kendra

New report: How foundations can target health and wealth in their funding strategies

HEALTH | A new brief by the Asset Funders Network explores how funders can make stronger connections between wealth building, economic security, and prevention and health outcomes to impact communities. The Health and Wealth Connection: Opportunities for Investment Across the Life Course report also provides examples of funding programs that are implementing this work. (Asset Funders Network, 3/6)

There are many opportunities for funders to invest at the intersection of asset building and health. To fully appreciate all of them, it is useful to know that several factors impact health beyond health care access and affordability…

Many funders, including funders more traditionally invested in health, understand the importance of social determinants and increasingly are acting to invest in strategies that address them. For example, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation has invested significant resources in building what it calls “a culture of health,” which includes attention to income, education, housing, and other social factors that influence health. There are opportunities for funders more traditionally in asset building, workforce development, education, community development, and other fields to invest in positive health outcomes as well.

Related: WRAG’s Healthy Communities Working Group is committed to improving health in the region by addressing disparities in health status and outcomes related to race, ethnicity, and economic status. HCWG is open to all WRAG members interested in better understanding the connection between housing, education, income, and other social factors, to health and wellness. Learn more here.

– For aging inmates, a chance to learn how to take better care of their health (WaPo, 2/28)

– The Forum of Regional Associations of Grantmakers has released a statement supporting the Johnson Amendment. (Giving Forum, 3/6)

– Opinion: Is Muslim Philanthropy in the U.S. Coming into Its Own? (NPQ, 3/3)

TRANSIT | Metro’s annual report card finds some improvement, but the rail system is still lacking in customer satisfaction. (WAMU, 3/6)

FOOD/YOUTH | La Cocina VA, a Northern Virginia nonprofit that offers Latino immigrants job training and culinary certification, also provides meals for families in need. (WCP, 3/2)

ENVIRONMENT | Here’s a new method to clean up the Anacostia River: a robot that eats the trash. (DCist, 3/2)

TRANSGENDER RIGHTSSupreme Court sends Virginia transgender case back to lower court (WaPo, 3/6)

EVENT | The 10th Annual Regional Nonprofit Forum will be on March 21 at George Mason’s Arlington Campus. More information here

Take a walk through a renovated Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library.

– Kendra

A new campaign features the faces of need in Loudoun County

LOUDOUN | Loudoun County has the highest median household income in the U.S. yet its average household charitable giving is just 1.98% – a full 1% behind the national average and nearly 2% behind neighboring Montgomery County, MD. Yesterday, the Community Foundation for Loudoun and Northern Fauquier Counties launched a new campaign to raise awareness of county needs and foster increased giving among county residents. Faces of Loudoun features the stories of real Loudoun residents who’ve struggled with the lack of basic resources. (Loudoun Tribune, 3/1) WRAG is proud to have been the catalyst for this work!

Loudoun’s giving is “lackluster” said [Community Foundation of Loudoun and Northern Fauquier Counties] Executive Director Amy Owen, in large part because many of Loudoun’s most disadvantaged go unnoticed in the county with the highest median household income. That’s why the Community Foundation partnered with a steering committee of business, community, education, faith and government leaders to put together a profile of giving in Loudoun.

That helped develop Faces of Loudoun, which will feature a web site, social media engagement and a traveling display highlighting stories of Loudoun residents that benefited from charitable giving and services. Along with an increase of volunteer hours, Owen said the program’s aim is to put Loudoun’s giving percentages in line with other jurisdictions. If Loudoun raises its current donation rates of 1.98 percent of discretionary income to the national average of 3 percent, Owen said Loudoun charitable groups will see an annual increase of $70 million dollars.

HEALTHMaryland governor declares state of emergency for opioid crisis (WaPo, 3/1)

HUMAN RIGHTS/ANTISEMITISM | After two Jewish elementary schools in Maryland received bomb threats earlier this week, community members came together to support them in a rally called “Bagels Not Bombs.” (WTOP, 3/1)

ECONOMIC SECURITY | Northern Virginia Novant Health workers will soon receive raises as the company moves to implement a new living wage policy. (WBJ, 3/1)

ARTS & HUMANITIES | DC’s Arena Stage theater received a $2.5 million gift to support its Power Plays project, which will include stories about power and politics from various perspectives. (WaPo, 2/27)

HOUSING | Mayor Bowser orders review of all properties operated by controversial D.C. landlord (WaPo, 3/1)

– A class action lawsuit has been filed against PayPal’s Giving Platform. The charges allege that donations made were not directed to the correct charities. (Nonprofit Quarterly, 3/1)

– New Twitter App Transforms Anger into Instant Social Good (Nonprofit Quarterly, 3/1)

EVENT | Board Match, an event that provides an opportunity for nonprofits to connect with prospective board members, will be held on Thursday, May 11th. The deadline for nonprofit registration is March 8th.

Cherry blossoms are already (kind of) here.

– Kendra

A call to fund Black-led social change

ABFE: A Philanthropic Partnership for Black Communities and the Hill-Snowdon Foundation have partnered to release The Case for Funding Black-Led Social Change, a call to action to increase support to Black-led social change organizations. The case found that less than 2 percent of funding by the nation’s largest foundations is specifically targeted to the black community. (ABFE, 2/9)

It is important for philanthropy to invest in strengthening the infrastructure for Black-led social change to reverse its pattern of underinvestment, so that the Black community can thrive and the broader progressive community can achieve its most ambitious goals.

We define Black-led social change organizations as those with predominantly Black boards, executive leadership, staff leadership and constituents. The primary purpose of these groups is to build political, economic and social power in order to secure freedom and equity for the Black community.

– Yanique Redwood, Consumer Health Foundation‘s President and CEO (and vice chair of WRAG’s board), advises foundations and nonprofits that are considering racial equity work on what has helped CHF and invites other experienced persons to share their knowledge. (CHF Blog, 2/9)

Related: For those looking for other resources to figure out where to start, check out WRAG’s Putting Racism on the Table materials here.

WORKFORCE | As the time draws closer for DC’s mayor Muriel Bowser to sign the recently passed paid family leave bill, the DC Chamber of Commerce and other business leaders urge her to veto the bill. (WBJ, 2/10)

HEALTH | The House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform will begin its first session today to potentially stop DC’s “Death with Dignity” bill from becoming law. (WAMU, 2/13)

FOOD | Opinion: Cheap Eats, Cheap Labor: The Hidden Human Costs Of Those Lists (NPR, 2/12)

– A five part series explores the struggle for affordable and convenient childcare in our region (WTOP, 2/13)

– A Virginia bill requiring fingerprint background checks for all licensed childcare providers has opponents citing government overreach. (Richmond Times, 2/12)

TRANSGENDER RIGHTS | Justice Department signals it may pull support for trans student protections (MetroWeekly, 2/11)

EVENT | Public Welfare Foundation is hosting a panel, “Forging a Path Forward in a Post-Election Nation: A Conversation with Leading Progressive Activists,” on Monday, February 27 from 12-2pm. Register here

DC’s black Broadway…..

– Kendra

Authentic relationships are key to fundraising success

by Hudson Kaplan-Allen 
WRAG’s 2016 Summer Intern

How important is it for funders and grantees to have authentic relationships? Very important, according to the “Dos and Don’ts of Working with Grantmakers,” the first session of WRAG’s 2016 Nonprofit Summer Learning Series. Keynote speaker Rick Moyers of the Meyer Foundation, and panelists Julia Baer-Cooper, consultant with the England Family Foundation and Prince Charitable Trusts, Ben Murphy of the Community Foundation for the National Capital Region, and Tracye Funn of Washington Gas shared advice ranging from how to initiate a partnership with a grantmaker to how to craft an effective proposal.

Nonprofits often view funders as if they were an ATM machine, trying to figure out the right pin, Moyers said. It is a game of cracking the code with the hope that the prize will be a blank check. Fifteen years ago, Moyers was an eager nonprofit leader looking to increase support from his biggest funder. Moyers found himself at a reception with the executive director of the foundation. His first instinct was to approach the E.D. and get straight to the point – and that is exactly what he did. Fast forward to the present, Moyers has, on occasion, found himself in his former funder’s shoes. Interactions like these are never authentic. Conversations should not be about a transaction, but about cultivating a common vision for the future. It’s important, too, to be a good listener.

Moyers and others addressed the question that every nonprofit leader has contemplated: what is the most common reason grant requests get turned down? Funn responded that if a funder truly believes in a program, they will find the money or try to connect the applicant with another potential funder. Murphy pointed out that if there is a great project hidden behind a poor proposal, it deserves a chance. Baer-Cooper noted that requests are frequently turned down by small family foundations because they don’t have enough resources to fund everything that comes their way.

Participants asked about strategies and practices for approaching grantmakers. Nonprofits should have an idea of what the foundation is looking for, the panelists said. No one wants to receive a generic cookie-cutter email. It’s frustrating to sit down with someone who hasn’t done his or her homework.

Moyers concluded where he began, with a discussion of authentic relationships between funders and grantees. To Murphy, authenticity is about reaching a point in the relationship where he and his grantees can have honest conversations and work hand-in-hand to effectively address organizational and societal challenges. Baer-Cooper defines authenticity as transparency and honesty. Funn emphasized the importance of being true to your values. “Don’t change who you are, just bring me into your world,” she said. Ultimately, programs that connect authentically are the ones that will succeed.

To learn more about the 2016 Nonprofit Summer Learning Series, please check out our recent announcement in The Daily WRAG. To register for the next two events in the series (July 14 and August 19), please visit WRAG’s online event calendar.